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Traffic Education

Section Conviction Section Type of M.V. Particulars Fine
119 177 All vehicle Stop signal, Wrong side, Central driving, Pressure horn, Lane cutting, Wrongful overtake 200
117 177 All vehicles No Parking 200
122 177 All Vehicles Improper and obstructive parking in a public place 200
123 177 All vehicle Any person travelling on the running board or on the top or on the bonnet of a motor vehicle 200
125 177 Four and above wheeler vehicle Driver allowing any person to obstruct his control of the vehicle 200
128(A) 177 Motor Cycle Triple seat on two wheeler 200
129 177 Motor Cycle Driving without Helmet 500
130(A) 177 All Vehicle Driver. in a public place, failing to produce his licence, on demand, to any police officer in unifo 200
130 177 All Motor Vehicle Not carrying documents as required 200
235 177 All motor vehicle Improper use of headlight 200
41 177 All motor vehicle Fancy Number Plate 1000
250(A) 177 All motor vehicle Using mobile phones while driving 200
120 177 All Vehicles Not using Indicator 200
105 177 All Vehicles Driving without light during night 200
83 177 All vehicles Loading of cattle without permit 200
104 177 All Vehicles Without reflector 1000
3 181 All Vehicles Driving Without Licence 500
5 180 All Vehicles Allow driving to those who does not having licence 500
39 192 All Vehicles Driving without registration 1000
190(2b) 190(2b) All Vehicles Driving without PUC 1000

NOTE THAT:

A traffic policeman in uniform has the right to demand your drivers licence and inspect your vehicle documents. He may impound your licence if he should so judge it necessary.
If a traffic policeman gives you instructions on the road, it is your duty to obey them regardless of what the electronic traffic signals say. When a traffic policeman is stationed at a signal/crossing, he is the final authority.
If you cannot find your vehicle, it is likely that it may have been towed rather than stolen. Ask around, local shopkeepers are normally informed about local traffic stations where impounded vehicles are kept.

WHAT TO DO & WHAT NOT TO DO:

Stop your vehicle when a traffic policeman so indicates.
You may ask him what the reason for your being stopped was.
Do not argue with the policeman. If you feel there is a genuine argument for your having broken a rule, explain it to him.
If you have committed a mistake, admit it candidly, seek his pardon. He may well let you off with a warning if approached with courtesy.
Do not drop names of policemen and influential people.
If the policeman is insistent, show him the requisite documents, and allow him to take whatever action falls within the purview of his duties.

WHAT ACTION A POLICEMAN MAY TAKE:

He may note down the particulars of your licence which will later be forwarded to a court. The court will then issue instructions regarding what course of action is to be taken - a certain amount as fine. If you plead guilty and send the requisite amount, the case will be filed, else summons will be sent to you and the case will be judged on merit.
He may impend your Drivers' Licence and issue a temporary licence (which lasts only for a stipulated period). You may compound the offence by paying a fine at the police station under whose jurisdiction the licence was impounded. Else you will be provided a summons from court, if you fail to appear in court, an arrest warrant may be issued.
If the policeman is an officer of rank sub-inspector or above, you may compound the office on the spot by paying a fine. The relevant recipts will be provided to you.

IF HARASSED BY A TRAFFIC POLICEMAN:

If a traffic policeman harasses you for illegal gratification, never yield to his demands.
Allow him to impound your licence, do not attempt to bribe him even if coerced.
Note down his buckle number/name which will be written on a plate on his shirt. If he does not have one, you may demand his identity card. If he fails to provide you an identity card, refuse to give him your documents.
All receipts, temporary licences will have the name/buckle number of the officer.
You can approach the traffic police with a specific complaint indicating all the particulars about the incident, this MUST include details about the concerned police officer. It is desirable to send this complaint by registered post.

SOME IMPORTANT OFFENCES:

Not carrying valid licence while driving /. driving without a licence.
Allowing a vehicle to be driven by someone who does not have a licence.
Driving without insurance / permit / fitness
Speeding / reckless driving
Driving under the influence of alcohol.
Lane-cutting / dangerous lane-cutting.
Moving against a One-way.
Stopping at a pedestrian crossing / crossing a stop line.
Improper use of headlights.
Using a private vehicle for commercial purposes.
Overloading a goods vehicle.
Carrying goods in a dangerous manner.
Taxi Drivers refusing to ply / charging extra / not wearing uniform.

If a person after having committed an offence (under the Motor Vehicles Act.) refuses to give his name he can be arrested by a police officer.


Information about Drinking and Driving

Driving under the influence of alcohol is a serious offence in India. In the event of an accident in such a condition, the law deals with offenders with great severity.The punishment is fine and/or imprisonment upto 6 months, and the driving license is suspended for at least six months.

Drunken driving is also one of the main reasons for vehicle accidents and is among the biggest life-takers on Indian roads.

Alcohol goes from the stomach straight to the blood stream. The body takes about an hour to rid itself of one drink - this means that if one drinks at a rate faster than that, the alcohol content in the body will soon exceed tolerable limits.

As the quantity of alcohol in the bloodstream rises, the brain is affected, and the sense of judgement is skewered. At higher levels of intoxication, there are muscle control problems, vision blurrings, and finally a complete loss of physical co-ordination facilities. Given these facts, driving, even at low alcohol levels can be very dangerous.


Misconception Truth
Alcohol increases your ability to drive Alcohol makes you less alert and will reduce your ability to drive safely
Some people drink a lot and don't get affected by it Everyone who drinks is affected by it
If you eat a lot first, you will not get drunk Food will slow down the effects of alcohol but will not prevent them
Coffee and a bit of fresh air will help a drinker sober up Only time helps a drinker sober up, other methods just do not work
Stick with beer - it is not as strong as whisky A few beers are the same as a few pegs or a few glasses of wine